Thoracic Aneurysm

Overview

The aorta is the main blood vessel carrying blood away from the heart. When the aorta becomes enlarged in the chest (thoracic) region, this is called a thoracic aneurysm. This is a potentially serious condition because these aneurysms can burst at any time, causing severe internal bleeding that can quickly lead to death if not treated immediately. The larger the size of the aneurysm, the greater the risk for rupture.

Symptoms

The symptoms of thoracic aneurysm vary according to the size of the aneurysm, and the location of the occurrence. In severe cases, the aneurysm can affect the heart itself, leading to congestive heart failure. Some occur with absolutely no symptoms at all, but they can include:

  • Coughing, hoarseness, or difficulty breathing
  • Pain in the chest, jaw, neck, upper back

Risk Factors for Thoracic Aneurysm

Atherosclerosis and other aortic diseases most commonly cause a thoracic aneurysm to occur, so the risk factors that cause atherosclerosis can also cause thoracic aneurysm (including poor diet, smoking, high blood pressure). Patients at the most risk for the condition have experienced the following:

  • Acute aortic dissection (separation of layers of the aorta wall)
  • Being a male over age 60
  • Chest trauma
  • Family history of aneurysm
  • Infections such as syphilis or tuberculosis
  • Marfan's syndrome or other connective tissue diseases

Treating Thoracic Aneurysm

Physicians treat thoracic aneurysm according to the risk for bursting of the aneurysm. If it is small, and deemed low risk for burst or rupture, it will be monitored regularly to see if the condition worsens. During this time, patients with high blood pressure will usually be put on medication to lower it. If the aneurysm is deemed a high risk for rupture, it can be repaired through either open aneurysm repair (a more invasive technique) or an endovascular stent procedure (a less invasive technique).

 

 

 

 





Conditions Treated at the
There are many conditions and diseases related to the vascular system, and each has its own set of optimal treatment options. At the Vascular Institute of New York, our physicians and therapy team have access to most current and effective treatments available in the industry.

Please click the links below to learn more about each condition, including symptoms, risk factors, and treatment options.

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